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Lost City
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Located at 721 SR 169, near the city of Overton.  The Pueblo Grande de Nevada was restored on the grounds of where Native Americans lived. Much of their historical Pueblo ruins are now submerged when Lake Mead was filled. There is a vast array of Native American relics that were recovered from the Lost City Pueblos and neighboring digs. They include pottery, baskets, tools, and weapons. Some of these artifacts date back as far as 2,000 BC. The grounds have restored pueblos that were reconstructed on the original foundations. This is an awesome place.

Who were these people? It is difficult to say who was the first people to occupy this area, however, several Native Americans and their ancestors not only survived in this barren area, but lived very productive lives. Most people were nomadic at the time. Archaeologist argue when the first man came to this region. Some say as long as 13,000 BC, during the last ice age. During that time most of North America was covered in an ice sheet and the area that is now desert was lush with vegetation and teeming with wildlife. There is scattered evidence that this area was inhabited at this time. From about 2,000 BC to about 300 BC were the Gypsum-period people, who lived in groups of a couple of men, their wives and their children. The men would hunt the abundant big game, such as bighorn sheep and the women and children would hunt rabbit and other small game. These are the people who started the carvings in the sandstone knows as petroglyphs. As the climate changed, so did the game and the vegetation. The people needed to adapt as well.

The time around 300 BC to 700 AD is known as the Moapa and Muddy River phases. Now the hunting was for mainly small game. Ground squirrel, and rabbit was now the primary game caught. Also the gathering the native vegetation became important in the diets of these people. As the population grew so did the demand of food. Eventually farming became the way of life for these people. They no longer had to be nomadic or semi-nomadic people. Anasazi people of the south began to migrate into this area and brought the skills of farming to the region. Also knows as the Basketmakers, the Anasazi lived in villages and helped establish a non-nomadic culture to this region. They also learned the skill of clay to eventually produce pottery. This created a highly organized society that eventually turned into the Lost City and Mesa House peoples.

Between 700 AD and 1,150 AD Lost City and Mesa House phase took place. The farming brought immigrants from other tribes. This put a strong demand on the people of the valley. As the population grew, the demand on the land became more intense and the climate became more arid. The agriculture based people became dependent on storing foods and producing bigger yields. Hunting became an important part of the culture again, but with the big populations the area became over hunted in a short amount of time. The nearby Piautes would come to this region to hunt and trade. the Anasazi people tended to move into the larger pueblo villages and were reliant on trade than on agriculture. New villages were built upon the old villages as trade not only in tangible goods but in ideas as well. New building techniques were developed. Eventually with the area now a arid desert and the over-cultivation of the area the Anasazi moved on and the Piautes, who were already adapted to the desert started to move into the area on a more permanent basis.

Getting There-
Las Vegas to Lost City

Take I-15 north to Nevada Route 169 south (exit 93) at the Logandale/Overton exit. Continue on the road through Logandale and Overton. The museum will be on the right side of the road, and there are plenty of signs directing you to the grounds and museum.

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Last revised:March 10, 2004

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